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Health inequities in New Brunswick

In producing this report, the Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health in New Brunswick set out to purposefully describe the inequalities in the distribution of the social determinants, and an overview of health inequities in the province. Data was taken from the 2011-2012 Canadian Community Health Survey, conducted by Statistics Canada, which could provide reliable data (despite standard population exclusions) at the health region level. 

Data were chosen to paint a picture of self-reported health and mental health, incidence of chronic diseases and distribution of the social determinants including household income (divided into quintiles), education and gender by health region. 

The key findings were:

  • Household food insecurity decreases with every increase in income quintile
  • Smoking, healthy eating and active living are correlated with income (higher income residents smoke less, eat healthier food and are more physically active)
  • Active living correlates with education (people with more formal education are more active)
  • Lowest income households were more likely to report having cancer, heart disease, chronic obstructive lung disease, diabetes, high blood pressure or being classified as obese
  • People with low income and education levels perceived their mental and physical health as poorer compared to the most affluent households and the more educated
  • Residents in the northern part of the province reported more limited access to the social determinants than did people living in the south

The report includes examples of promising practices adopted by the Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health, and calls to action for Public Health organizations, individual staff and the non-health sectors.

Use this resource to:

  • Develop a purposeful health inequity report for your province or region
  • Explore how Statistics Canada data can be used to create a report on inequities
  • Better understand the distribution of social determinants in New Brunswick, and the relation of this distribution to health outcomes


Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health. (2016). Health inequities in New Brunswick. Department of Health, Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Related resources:

Tags: Assess and report, Communicate, Food security, Income inequality, Socioeconomic status

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