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Health Inequities Series fact sheets

This resource is available in English only. Click here to access the printable version.

The Core Competencies for Public Health in Canada include the requirement that public health practitioners demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the social determinants of health (SDH) and health inequities. The Health Inequities Series, developed by Kingston, Frontenac, Lennox and Addington Public Health (KFLAPH), is a set of fact sheets designed to support professional development and competence in understanding and applying the underlying concepts related to SDH and health inequities and how they relate to public health program standards.

The fact sheets (available in interactive PDF and printable form) are designed for use by formal leadership as well as staff in programs, communications, evaluation, research and data, as well as anyone who wants to gain a better understanding of concepts related to health equity.

Based on the four public health roles

Content includes definitions of key terms such as structural and intermediary determinants, socioeconomic position and context, social hierarchies and working upstream. A series of fact sheets is divided into four sections —Assess and Report, Modify and Orient, Engage with Other Sectors, and Participate in advancing healthy public policies — which align with requirements within the Ontario Public Health Standards (OPHS) Health Equity Guideline, based on the NCCDH resource Let’s Talk: Public health roles for improving health equity.

Each section outlines ways that various public health practitioners at different levels of the public health system can use the resources, tailoring the application of the concepts to specific roles. Links to additional resources within each section/role are also provided, including an extensive list of citations and glossary of key terms.

Use this resource to:

  • facilitate discussion with colleagues about health equity requirements within public health standards, and how these influence program planning, implementation and evaluation;
  • develop a plan for professional development to strengthen knowledge of health equity concepts on an individual or organizational level, including quality improvement plans; and
  • identify areas for practitioner training and education as a way to build organization-level capacity to address health equity.


Kingston, Frontenac, Lennox and Addington Public Health. (2019). The Health Inequities Series. Kingston: Kingston, Frontenac, Lennox and Addington Public Health.

Related resources

Tags: Communicate, Competencies & organizational standards , Public health unit / health authority, Public Health Organization, Document

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