This planning tool from the Fraser Health Authority (BC) offers support for public and community health agencies to develop interventions and programs that address health equity at all stages. It includes guidance, worksheets and a seven-step framework.
Promising practices in suicide prevention across Inuit Nunangat: NISPS research and data collection project
This environmental scan from Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami highlights promising practices in suicide prevention across the four regions of Canada’s Arctic that make up Inuit Nunangat. The resource also includes a useful discussion of barriers, gaps and opportunities for future action.
This informative strategy from Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami asks readers to ethically partner with Inuit communities while contributing to climate policy at all levels. It also includes a guide to partnering with Inuit communities.
This report by the Pan American Health Organization’s Commission on Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas examines social and economic inequalities in the regions, and considers several related factors such as gender, sexuality, ethnicity, disability, and daily living conditions. An expanded list of the structural drivers of inequities also play prominently into the analysis.
NHS Scotland's Place Standard Tool is a planning framework to assess the quality of both rural and urban places, designed to support communities, public and private sectors, businesses and citizens to identify improvements to physical and social aspects of the places where people live.
In this archived webcast recorded at St. Francis Xavier University on October 10, 2018, Dr. Heather Orpana of the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) explores the social determinants of health’s impact on positive mental health for youth.
This report from Northern Health explores how resource extraction and development can influence the social, cultural and economic determinants of health, including the cumulative impact on the health and well-being of individuals and communities.
This user guide describes a set of indicators that can be used to assess and demonstrate actions being taken by public health organizations in working towards health equity.
This third environmental scan from the NCCDH responds to recent concerns about the Canadian health sector’s significant decline in commitment to public health programs and services. The scan explores implications for the public health sector in undertaking effective action to address the social determinants of health and improve health equity in this context.
The Canadian Institute for Child Health (CICH) profile offers data from over 400 indicators on the health and well-being of Canadian children and youth. New modules on Indigenous children/youth and health/development in the early years consolidate indicators that can be used to support strategies, draw attention to health inequities and develop partnerships that serve the children of Canada, Indigenous and settler alike.
The Pan-Canadian Health Inequalities Reporting Initiative’s health inequalities data tool is a user-friendly, web-based tool that can be used to inform decisions relating to surveillance, research, programming and policies that address health inequities among population groups in Canada.
The PROOF project website offers research, reports and webinars that explore policy interventions relating to food insecurity.
This collection of resources documents the trend in income-related health inequalities in Canada for 16 health indicators over the past 10 years. This is a one-stop-shop for national, provincial and territorial data on the topic, and includes a public summary and info graphics.
This paper presents findings on two surveys of how public health professionals exchange knowledge and act to improve the social determinants of health and health equity in digital spaces like social media.
A groundswell of interest has emerged recently in using collective impact (CI) to tackle entrenched social problems. This blended case story describes two CI initiatives in which public health is significantly involved: London Ontario’s Child & Youth Network and The Child & Youth Health Network on Vancouver Island.
This curated list offers tools and resources to facilitate action on policy solutions related to food insecurity.
This curated list offers resources that support collaborative action in the process of working with multiple partners to advance health equity.
This report provides an analysis of food costing data in one area of Northern Ontario as an example to highlight the elevated cost and decreased affordability of food in northern First Nations communities. The disproportionately high incidence of food insecurity in these communities is also discussed.
Upstream and Saskatoon Health Region’s Population and Public Health group detail the results of a HEIA they conducted on the City of Saskatoon’s recently released growth plan. Growing healthier offers 13 recommendations for direct action that will enhance Saskatoon’s community health and well-being.
This action guide is the culmination of a National Quality Forum project in the U.S. which used a multi-stakeholder collaborative process to develop a common framework and practical guidance for improving population health.
Doctors for health equity. The role of the World Medical Association, national medical associations and doctors in addressing the social determinants of health and health equity
The aim of this report is to contribute to Professor Sir Michael Marmot’s Presidency of the World Medical Association and to support the WMA’s Declaration of Oslo on the Social Determinants of Health.
This report presents data revealing the unequal distribution of social determinants and health status in New Brunswick. It “is meant to stimulate individual and collective interest and facilitate conversations to address this important issue which affects all New Brunswickers…” (p. 5)
Summary of key global and national health inequality monitoring tools from the World Health Organization, including information about how to use them.
This technical report from the Canadian Council on Social Determinants of Health explores the use of mapping technologies to support action on the social determinants of health. The report provides an overview of various mapping technologies and uses two case studies to provide in-practice examples of how these technologies can be used.
The gap between public health’s advocacy role in addressing health inequities – and actual practice – is explored in this scoping review of peer reviewed and grey public health advocacy literature.
This document presents a brief analysis of 37 social determinants of health frameworks that best reflect an intersectoral perspective. It also offers an in-depth analysis of the seven frameworks considered most useful for understanding and acting on the social determinants across sectors.
This paper identifies eight common priorities of public health stakeholders who are working to improve the social determinants of health and health equity.
This discussion paper presents key economic arguments that support the call to re-think how we distribute health care dollars, concluding that a shift towards the upstream determinants of health is warranted on the basis of economics, as well as social justice values.
This paper highlights the experience of Hamilton Public Health in advocating for the social determinants of health and health equity.
Public health practitioners and researchers discuss the application of intersectionality in social determinants of health and health equity practice, policy and research.
These proceedings summarize an open space forum held in Quebec City in 2015. The event explored the question: “What are the opportunities to reduce social inequities in health if we bring together knowledge gathered from experience, intervention, research, and decision-making?”
This article provides a clear and accessible review of issues related to understanding, measuring and assessing health inequalities. The authors also consider implications for developing program and policy interventions to reduce health inequalities.
Pathways to health equity and differential outcomes: A summary of the WHO document Equity, social determinants and public health programmes
This report summarizes findings from a report by the World Health Organization (WHO) Commission on Social Determinants of Health examining public health interventions and implementation approaches that address health inequity in multiple countries and contexts.
This curated list points to key resources to support advocacy for health equity by public health practitioners.
An illustrated video about what is required to sustain a new wave in public health to address growing health inequalities and support a shift to a wellness-oriented public health system.
This resource presents an accessible action framework for those directly engaged in creating community health status reports, as well as those interested in learning how to use population health status reporting to drive action to improve health equity.
This document summarizes an online conversation—hosted by the NCCDH in 2013— about the use and value of a four-role model for public health action to improve health equity.
This document summarizes an online conversation—hosted by the NCCDH in 2014— about finding resources to move public health work upstream.
This document applies common messaging guidelines to the challenge of communicating the connection between income inequality and health inequality. The guidelines were published by the Canadian Council on the Social Determinants of Health.
This report lays the foundation for a Health Equity Action Plan for the city of Winnipeg. The document provides a framework for understanding and collaboratively addressing health equity by introducing principles, strategies, and suggested areas for action.
This is the story of Saskatoon Health Region’s (SHR) work to improve immunization rates and reduce the spread of influenza in Saskatoon’s six core neighbourhoods. SHR’s existing strong socio-economic and health disparities data made it possible to prioritize these core neighbourhoods for H1N1 vaccination programs.
This story describes how Manitoba Health, Healthy Living and Seniors prioritized Aboriginal peoples in its response to the 2009-10 H1N1 influenza pandemic, and used this experience to further develop influenza prevention and immunization equity measures.
This report examines 13 programs or policies that have had some success in reducing health inequalities in Canada. All of the selected interventions set out to reduce health inequities through the social determinants of health, and they were evaluated using current medical evidence-based standards.
In this video, public health decision-makers and researchers describe how data can be used to deliberately uncover the health equity and the social determinants of health picture in communities.
Rising to the Challenge: Sex- and gender-based analysis for health planning, policy and research in Canada
This guide was designed to support sex- and gender-based analysis (SGBA) in planning health programs, developing health policies and conducting research. SGBA identifies health inequities arising from gender relations and the interaction of gender with other social factors.
This report proposes a strategy, indicators, and tools for measuring inequalities in order to initiate monitoring of social inequalities in health in Quebec.
This report is a follow-up to the NCCDH’s 2010 environmental scan, Integrating social determinants of health and health equity into Canadian public health practice. It is based on a literature review, focus groups and key informants, and identifies ways that the context and practice of health equity work in the public health domain have changed since 2010.
Public health practitioners discuss strategies to address the social determinants of tuberculosis.
This paper highlights the interconnectedness between social determinants and Indigenous peoples’ health. The authors argue that efforts to reduce current health inequities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples must attend not only to the symptoms of ill health, but also to the factors that underlie ill health.
Do you want to monitor or measure inequalities in health in your region? This online book from the South East England Public Health Observatory (SEPHO) provides an array of methods to monitor and measure inequalities at a local level.
This literature scan describes a set of health equity indicators and recommends a decision-making process to identify a common set of indicators for British Columbia.
This inventory describes 36 tools that public health practitioners can use to support the systemic promotion of health equity.
Published by the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO), this book includes political analysis and practice examples to support the re-orientation of public health practice to address the root causes of health inequities.
This free, one-hour course explores how bringing together health and socio-economic data can help health professionals better understand the links between population characteristics and population health outcomes.
This free, six to 12 hour course is designed using case studies to teach public health practitioners how to conduct a health impact assessment (HIA). The course was developed by the National Health Service in Scotland, which has produced an impressive eLearning program of study.
This free, skill-building course teaches why and how to conduct a health equity impact assessment (HEIA), and gives learners opportunities to complete up to five HEIA templates - a tool designed by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care - based on five case studies.
This free, eight-part series of online courses (30 to 45 minutes each) helps learners build the skills they need to support community health assessment and health improvement work.
Confounded by how to address the upstream causes of health inequities within your practice? NACCHO’s Handbook for action provides public health practitioners with the concepts, methods and tools to address the root causes of health inequities.
Engaging with impact: Targets and indicators for successful community engagement by Ontario’s Local Health Integration Networks. A citizens’ report from Kingston, Richmond Hill and Thunder Bay
Are you working with your community? Find guidance about how to design community engagement processes and assess impact.
Find resources and connect with others working in health promotion on The Community Tool Box. This is a website with more than 7,000 pages of practical guidance about how to engage with your community to create positive change and improve health and well-being.
The Canadian Index of Wellbeing’s second report presents statistical trends, over 17 years, within eight domains of wellbeing. It reveals that Canadian’s health, in its broadest sense, dropped significantly during the 2008 recession, and has not recovered.
This online, searchable index allows you to search over 275 databases and data-rich publications using topics and key words.
The POWER Study (Project for an Ontario Women’s Health Evidence-based Report), a multi-year investigation of women’s health status, has produced a 13-chapter Ontario Women’s Health Equity Report. The report examines gender differences on a comprehensive set of evidence-based, health-related indicators.
The resources in this Learning Together series summarize the NCCDH Population Health Status Reporting Initiative.
These reports describe how the Sudbury & District Health Unit gathered and synthesized evidence to prioritize and guide local public health action to reduce social inequities in health.
This review of the literature describes school readiness from a health and early child development perspective.
This case study starts at the beginning – building support for health equity among senior health managers. It outlines how to find and nurture health equity champions.
This case study shows how leadership, local data and strong community support drove intersectoral action on health equity.
The planning template outlines the procedures and processes required to implement a population health approach.
This report describes Canadian experiences in attending the “Health Observatories: Learning from Our World Neighbours, 2008” meetings hosted by the London Public Health Observatories.
This report describes the distribution and the determinants of health disparities in Saskatoon and recommends possible public policy solutions.