This paper introduces the conceptual framework that guides the work of the WHO’s Commission on the Social Determinants of Health. The document describes how the framework came about, its two “levels of causation’ of health inequities, and the “policy directions” it points to.
This foundational health promotion document has transformed how the world thinks about health.
This document presents a brief analysis of 37 social determinants of health frameworks that best reflect an intersectoral perspective. It also offers an in-depth analysis of the seven frameworks considered most useful for understanding and acting on the social determinants across sectors.
Austerity and the embodiment of neoliberalism as ill-health: Towards a theory of biological sub-citi
This theoretical article argues that pro-market and reduced public service philosophies set in place by rich nations are creating sub-citizens at a biological level. Sparke argues that even our efforts to reduce these inequities contain pro-market thinking that does harm.
This is the final report from the World Health Organization’s Commission on the Social Determinants of Health.