This policy platform, designed by Human Impact Partners (HIP), highlights policy ideas that were generated by grassroot organizations, with the aim of establishing public health interventions led by communities most impacted by these inequities (e.g., Black, Indigenous and Latinx communities). Although written in the U.S. context, this document can inform policy interventions related to COVID-19 response and recovery in Canada.
Black Experiences in Health Care Symposium: Bringing together community and health systems for improved health outcomes
Held on January 30, 2020, the Black Experiences in Health Care Symposium (BEHCS) generated rich, action-oriented dialogue about advancing Black health in Ontario. This important report of the proceedings is authored by Black Health Alliance and Health Commons Solutions Lab and is relevant to practitioners across Canada. It captures knowledge and experience shared during keynote presentations and breakout sessions.
The National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health (NCCDH) has produced a suite of webinars and other related resources that, when reviewed together, serve as a substantive primer on racism, anti-racism and racial equity as they relate to public health practice.
This video from Global News provides an overview of the importance of collecting and reporting race-based data to guide strategies to address disparities in COVID-19.
This online resource library from Community Commons is a living repository of equity-themed tools and resources that describe the equity implications of COVID-19 and actions to address these disparities.
This policy statement by the American Public Health Association (APHA) describes the historical roots and research behind law enforcement violence against people of colour. The statement positions this as an urgent and longstanding public health issue.
This podcast from Media Indigena discusses the intersection of colonialism and structural vulnerability to COVID-19.
This brief report from the Berkeley Media Studies Group offers guidelines and suggested public health actions to address discrimination and racism due to COVID-19.
This website repository from the Network for the Advancement of Black Communities offers resources related to housing, education, mental health, and other equity implications of COVID-19 for racialized communities.
This resource hub from the Center for Urban and Racial Equity offers a variety of resource types related to financial assistance, working conditions, healthcare access and policy actions for communities most vulnerable to the negative effects of COVID-19.
This report from the China International Famine Relief Commission (CIFRC), United Nations International Child Education Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) discusses ways to prevent and address the social stigma that is associated with COVID-19.
This statement from Colour of Poverty – Colour of Change describes the impact of COVID-19 on Indigenous Peoples and people of colour.
This blog post from Pemma Muzumdar discusses COVID-19 and the existing health impacts of stigma and discrimination.
This article from Plough, Bristow, Fielding, Caldwell and Khan looks at emergency preparedness during pandemics and how health equity should be addressed.
This curated reading list includes resources that explore the ethical foundations of health equity and the implications for public health action.
This conceptual model identifies four concepts for successful organizational change and how change capacity applies to health equity action in public health. It is a part of the NCCDH’s Organizational Capacity for Health Equity Action Initiative (OCI).
In December 2019, Chief Public Health Officer (CPHO) Dr Theresa Tam released a national report that shines a light on stigma as a key driver of health inequities in Canada. The report was informed by meetings with key people across Canada that gathered input on two key questions: What holds stigma in place? And, how do we address stigma in the health system?
This report by the Pan American Health Organization’s Commission on Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas examines social and economic inequalities in the regions, and considers several related factors such as gender, sexuality, ethnicity, disability, and daily living conditions. An expanded list of the structural drivers of inequities also play prominently into the analysis.
This introductory document provides an overview of the NCCDH’s Organizational Capacity for Health Equity Action Initiative (OCI), its objectives and its format. This document is the first OCI entry in our new Learning Together series on organizational capacity.
This white paper from the Institute for Healthcare Improvement provides guidance to health care organizations on how they can reduce health inequities related to characteristics linked to discrimination and social exclusion.
This reading list is designed to offer a starting point for public health practitioners hoping to deepen their understanding of the causes and implications of structural racism. In addition, the collection highlights different strategies for dismantling racist systems and offers examples of communities that have experience success with these aims.
The seventh release in our Let’s Talk series discusses racism as a critical factor that impacts health and wellbeing. The concepts of race, racism and racialization are described, with attention to settler colonialism and structural racism.
In June 2015, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada tabled its recommendations to “redress the legacy of residential schools and advance the process of Canadian reconciliation”(pg 327) with Indigenous peoples. This summary of the Commission’s final report presents the history and legacy of residential schools, the challenge of reconciliation, and 94 calls to action.
This paper highlights the experience of the Nova Scotia-based Environmental Noxiousness, Racial Inequities and Community Health (ENRICH) project in advocating against environmental racism that impacts Mi’kmaq and African-Canadian communities.
NCCDH staff chose seven documents that have significantly informed our understanding of how health is affected by structural (e.g., global and national economic policy) and intermediate (e.g., income and education) determinants of health. This list provides a brief description of the contribution for each of these documents.
This report provides an analysis of food costing data in one area of Northern Ontario as an example to highlight the elevated cost and decreased affordability of food in northern First Nations communities. The disproportionately high incidence of food insecurity in these communities is also discussed.
This edited book explores the connection between oppression and health. The various chapters investigate how systemic forces influence health, framing social oppression as the fundamental cause of health inequities.
The gap between public health’s advocacy role in addressing health inequities – and actual practice – is explored in this scoping review of peer reviewed and grey public health advocacy literature.
This document presents a brief analysis of 37 social determinants of health frameworks that best reflect an intersectoral perspective. It also offers an in-depth analysis of the seven frameworks considered most useful for understanding and acting on the social determinants across sectors.
This paper identifies eight common priorities of public health stakeholders who are working to improve the social determinants of health and health equity.
Public health practitioners and researchers discuss the application of intersectionality in social determinants of health and health equity practice, policy and research.
These proceedings summarize an open space forum held in Quebec City in 2015. The event explored the question: “What are the opportunities to reduce social inequities in health if we bring together knowledge gathered from experience, intervention, research, and decision-making?”
A seven-part documentary series exploring racial and socioeconomic determinants of health, this resource aims to increase the urgency of the public conversation around issues influencing health outcomes.
This is the story of Saskatoon Health Region’s (SHR) work to improve immunization rates and reduce the spread of influenza in Saskatoon’s six core neighbourhoods. SHR’s existing strong socio-economic and health disparities data made it possible to prioritize these core neighbourhoods for H1N1 vaccination programs.
This story describes how Manitoba Health, Healthy Living and Seniors prioritized Aboriginal peoples in its response to the 2009-10 H1N1 influenza pandemic, and used this experience to further develop influenza prevention and immunization equity measures.
This paper highlights the interconnectedness between social determinants and Indigenous peoples’ health. The authors argue that efforts to reduce current health inequities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples must attend not only to the symptoms of ill health, but also to the factors that underlie ill health.
This free, one-hour, interactive eLearning module is one of 15 modules created to make cultural competence training more accessible to health care providers. The module uses multimedia to illustrate how social and economic conditions influence the health of individuals, communities and nations.
This substantial, interactive, three-part training program is designed to strengthen the skills of professionals working directly or indirectly with Indigenous people by increasing Aboriginal-specific knowledge and enhancing self-awareness.
This free, three-hour online course was designed to increase the awareness and skills of civil servants in applying gender-based analysis to the development of government policies and programs.
The POWER Study (Project for an Ontario Women’s Health Evidence-based Report) is a multi-year investigation of women’s health status and has produced a 13-chapter Ontario Women’s Health Equity Report. The report examines gender differences on a comprehensive set of evidence-based, health-related indicators.
This report explores the impact of racism on health in Canada.
This evidence review presents a discussion on how the social determinants of health impact young children and their families.