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Gender identity, sexual diversity and health equity: A curated list

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The acronym 2SLGBTQI+ refers to a community of people with diverse gender and sexual identities. This community experiences increased stigmatization, discrimination, harassment, and violence; decreased mental and physical health; and other health inequities compared to cisgender, heterosexual people. These experiences are amplified when intersections of social and structural inequities (age, race, income, access to health care, etc.) are present.3

Public health action can challenge the Eurocentric gender binary system that perpetuates systems of power and oppression that are the root causes of unjust health inequities experienced by the 2SLGBTQI+ community.

Resources in this curated list explore:

  • health inequities relating to the 2SLGBTQI+ population in Canada;
  • how structural and social determinants of health interact with gender identity and sexual diversity;
  • affirming and inclusive language, and how to use it; and
  • the importance of safe spaces, and how to create them.

This resource list includes editorials, glossaries, podcasts, reports, journal articles, practice guidelines, toolkits, tip sheets, discussion papers, and federal reports reflecting a range of resources to support public health to act on health inequities for this population.


Use this resource to:

  • increase your understanding of health inequities within the 2SLGBTQI+ population; 
  • consider how to incorporate inclusive language and care into practice, research, and policy; and
  • explore how public health can improve health equity for sexual and gender minority populations.


Related Resources:

Season 1, Episode 6 of Mind the Disruption: Disrupting colonialism for Two-Spirit health

Promoting LGBTQ2 mental health through an end to conversion therapy: The role of public health

Beginning from within: Promoting the health of trans, Two-Spirit and/or gender-diverse youth


See other resources on 2SLGBTQI+ health equity.

See other curated reading lists.


National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health. (2023). Gender identity, sexual diversity and health equity: A curated list. Antigonish, NS: NCCDH, St. Francis Xavier University.

Tags: Key concepts, 2SLGBTQI+ health, Document, Curated Reading List