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The Ontario women’s health equity report. Chapter 12: SDOH and populations at risk

The POWER Study (Project for an Ontario Women’s Health Evidence-based Report) is a multi-year investigation of women’s health status and has produced a 13-chapter Ontario Women’s Health Equity Report. The report examines gender differences on a comprehensive set of evidence-based, health-related indicators. 

Chapter 12 looks at how low income, education, race/ethnicity and where one lives affect the health of women and men differently. The chapter is divided into three sections: 1) how Ontario women and men compare across a range of determinants of health; 2) how low income women and men compare, looking at the POWER Study indicators from other chapters (health status, risk factors, access to services, and health outcomes); and 3) how immigrant and minority population women and men compare on these same indicators.  In addition, the authors analyse the data for immigrant women using three new indicators: the prevalence of diabetes, cervical cancer screening, and pre-term births.

The chapter concludes with a health equity road map to move Ontario towards greater health equity.

Use this resource to:

  • Read a clear and well-referenced summary of the social determinants of health and key indicators
  • Learn how to use data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), the Canadian Institute of Health Information (CIHI) Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), and Landed Immigrant Data System (LIDS) to graphically reveal health inequities in other provinces
  • Study a ten-point plan designed to lead a province toward greater health equity


Bierman AS, Johns A, Hyndman B, Mitchell C, Degani N, Shack AR, Creatore MI, Lofters AK, Urquia ML, Ahmad F, Khanlou N, Parlette V. Social Determinants of Health and Populations at Risk In: Bierman AS, editor. Project for an Ontario Women’s Health Evidence-Based Report: Volume 2: Toronto; 2012.


Tags: Income inequality, Racism/racialization, Sex & gender, Socioeconomic status , Report / Document

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