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Key concepts

A conceptual framework for action on the social determinants of health

This paper introduces the conceptual framework that guides the work of the WHO’s Commission on the Social Determinants of Health. The document describes how the framework came about, its two “levels of causation’ of health inequities, and the “policy directions” it points to.

A review of frameworks on the determinants of health

This document presents a brief analysis of 37 social determinants of health frameworks that best reflect an intersectoral perspective. It also offers an in-depth analysis of the seven frameworks considered most useful for understanding and acting on the social determinants across sectors.

Addressing law enforcement violence as a public health issue

This policy statement by the American Public Health Association (APHA) describes the historical roots and research behind law enforcement violence against people of colour. The statement positions this as an urgent and longstanding public health issue.

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